Question: NACE MR0175/ISO 15156, Part 2, Annex C, Section C.1 states that “The partial pressure of H2S may be calculated by multiplying the system total pressure by the mol fraction of H2S in the gas.” Does the word “may” permit other methods, such as incorporating the effects of non-ideal gas behavior, to calculate partial pressure for determining material selection?
Yes. Please note: Annex C as a whole is “informative” rather than “normative” and is therefore not mandatory.
This question is in relation to NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-2 Annex C
Reference: ISO 15156 Maintenance Panel Inquiry #2004-08
At Oil & Gas Corrosion we see many enquiries related to the partial pressure of H2S. We have the expertise to support you selecting materials where ideal gas behaviour deviated such as High Pressure and High Temperature wells (HPHT). We do this by evaluating the production conditions (pressure, temperature, produced water etc) and evaluating the risks and consequences. Let us help you with the materials selection and partial pressure calculations.
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Oil and Gas Corrosion Ltd is an independent materials and corrosion consultancy for the Oil and Gas industry. Oil and Gas Corrosion Ltd is under the guidance of Ivan Gutierrez. Ivan has more than 20 years’ experience in materials and corrosion and is a member of the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE), a professional member of the Institute of Corrosion (MICorr) and the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE). He is a recognised materials and corrosion authority recognised as a Great Britain national expert member of the British Standard Institution committee PSE/17/67/7 “Corrosion Resistant Materials” and internationally as a member of Task Group 299 on the Oversight of Maintenance Panel for NACE MR0175 / ISO 15156. “Materials for use in H2S-containing environments in oil and gas production”, IOGP 15156 Committe (ISO/TC 67/WG 7 “Corrosion Resistant Materials”. Ivan is also a member of ISO/TC 67/WG 8 Materials, corrosion control, welding and jointing, and non-destructive examination (NDE) which is responsible for standards such as ISO 21457 “Materials selection and corrosion control for oil and gas production systems”.Oil & Gas Corrosion has headquarters in the United Kingdom providing services to clients across the globe.
The partial pressure of H2S (ppH2S ) is used throughout ANSI/NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 to set the production environment limits for carbon steels, low alloy steels and corrosion resistant alloys. However, NACE MR0175 does not specify if the user should consider operation pressure, design pressure or an intermediate value. So, what is NACE MR0175 intent when it comes to H2S partial pressure? operating or design pressure to be used in the calculations? Here, Oil & Gas Corrosion addresses these questions.
First, we have to define the partial pressure of H2S (ppH2S ) which is calculated as:
ppH2S = system total absolute pressure x mol fraction of H2S present
Is the system total absolute pressure the design or the operating pressure? This is one of the most frequently asked questions and this video clarifies if design or operating pressure should be used.
At Oil & Gas Corrosion we help clients to determine the partial pressure of H2S. We have the expertise to help you decide if you should use the operating or design pressure. We do this by evaluating the production conditions (pressure, temperature, produced water etc.), the design and evaluating the risks and consequences. We are here to help you with sour service materials selection and partial pressure calculations.
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This video makes reference to an inquiry sent to the NACE MR0175 maintenance panel. The inquiry is below:
QUESTION: What is NACE’s intent when it comes to H2S partial pressure? i.e., when calculating the H2S partial pressure per Annex C.1 and C.2 in NACE MR0175/ISO 15156-2, should the operating or design pressure be used in the calculations? I believe operating pressure should be used. Could you please confirm?
15156-1 Para 6.1 states that the user shall define the service conditions including unintended exposures (e.g., resulting from failure of primary containment). These service conditions become the basis for calculating H2S partial pressure. It is up to the user to decide whether to use operating or design pressure for partial pressure calculations.
Reference: ISO 15156 MP Inquiry #2009-21 (NACE MR0175 Part 2 Annex C)